KARATE and KICKBOXING Sparring

KARATE and KICKBOXING Sparring

The Sparring is based on the preparation and conditions for the various contest, depending on their rules

DOJO sparring would often vary a bit from CONTEST sparring and Rules

POINTS KARATE COMPETITION

KNOCKDOWN KARATE

SEMI CONTACT KICKBOXING – FREESTYLE KARATE

FULL CONTACT KARATE – KICKBOXING

LOW KICKS KICKBOXING – this is the Standard KB we Spar at Class regularly

THAI format – add Knees and Elbows

LETHWEI – add Headbutts

SAVATE

Notes on each:

POINTS KARATE COMPETITION

Karate Kumite into Shiai – the first Karate contests, points

Light Contact to body

No contact to head

Head kicks allowed, no contact

Kizami tsuki and uraken to head, no contact

Point decided on good form

No leg kicks

Sweeps allowed, if followed by a kick or punch

If opponent swept over, then follow up with kick or punch – the sweep itself does not score

If downed, use Kick as in Stage 5 to Stop attack, so no point

When a point is scored, YAME is called and the fight resets

Points scored as IPPON and WAZA-ARI

Based on the fighting and scoring systems used in KENDO and JUDO, both KUMI at the Dojo and SHIAI contests

In JUDO when an opponent is thrown, the point is called, then break, stand and reset

In KENDO when the target is struck and called eg MEN or DO , the point is given and the fighters reset

This Karate was called “Kendo without the Shinai” and that is how it started in Japan

Longer range and longer stance, angled and bladed

– full gyaku tsuki to body

– kick with cap of boot

– in KB terms this would be Savate range

Most styles of Karate use this format

Shotokan
Wado
Isshin

WAKO
WUKO

Some contests were just for their own style, some matched styles against each other

KNOCKDOWN KARATE

Kyokushin contest – continuous with “clicker” to tally points – can win by Knockdown NOT Knock out, though KO can and do occur

Contact with Kicks to legs, body and head

Kicks to head – no punches

Contact punches to body

Knees allowed in Contest SHIAI though not in Sparring KUMITE – they are drilled in Sparring sessions

In Sparring with Knees, either you hold back too much, or someone gets hurt, there is no middle ground, so it is just drilled realistically and safely

Closer range as kicks are done with shin not boot

This creates a closer range punch and knees flow naturally

In KB terms this is more like THAI

Closer range, more square on stance

This form of Karate Sparring brings us closer to a KB match and closer to a real Street fight

Those who spar “standard” karate, with the longer distance kicking and punching often doubt the realism and whether the “one punch, one kill” concept really works as it would with a “one cut one kill” of the Sword

This form of Kumite removes that doubt and brings Sport Karate and Dojo sparring closer to Original Karate in it’s form and effectiveness

SEMI CONTACT KICKBOXING – FREESTYLE KARATE

This developed later than Full Contact, however for development it fits better in between

More armour is used

Headgear
Shin guards
Forearm pads
Bigger gloves – not full boxing gloves
Boots
Groinguard and gumshield

Continuous fighting for the round, with points added up like Clicker or in Boxing match

Semi contact, so harder than Points, though the intention is to win on Points NOT to KO the opponent

Stance is the Freestyle Semi Contact Stance, side on Horse Stance Kiba Dachi – different hand guard position, more use of lead leg, quicker spin back kick, longer lunge for rear punch

Punches and kicks to head and body

No leg kicks

Sweeps allowed

As well as backfist and spinning backfist the HAITO Ridge Hand started to be used

These Contests matched Karate against other styles including TKD – the Lau Gar clubs did particularly well in these events

FULL CONTACT KARATE – KICKBOXING

The first Full Contact Karate was just that – Karate as far as it had gone, now with Boxing gloves, allowing Head punching, fighting for KO

Boxing added to Karate in it’s first format for what was then called KICKBOXING

Backfist was allowed, as were Sweeps, leg kicks were not

The Spinning Backfist became a matter of debate – rules was both Camps had to agree for it to be used

FULL CONTACT KARATE – This was essentially the format of Points Karate with boxing gloves and head punching now done full contact, the longer stances with added contact

KICKBOXING – this was when Karate fighters went to cross train at Boxing gyms, learn the proper boxing format, train and spar Boxing, use the full boxing equipment, and do conditioning – there were also Boxer who “added Kicks” by going to cross train at a Karate club and spar Karate fighters

Though there was an overlap during the developmental years, the “finished product” is the same thing in terms of Sparring and Competing

LOW KICKS KICKBOXING

KB with the Low Kicks added back in so the format changed

– the format of the Knockdown Karate contests with the Boxing gloves and head punches added and the knees removed

– like Thai without knees and elbows

THAI format

Knees added

Elbows added

There later became subsets of what was called “Thai Boxing” Contests that either had

– No elbows, knees allowed including to Head

– No elbows, knees to body not head – more like a KB version of Knockdown Karate

– and bizzarely no Knees, yet they still claimed it was “Thai” format – so like KB above

Some organisations promoting “Kickboxing” events had matches under these Rules

LETHWEI

As discussed, Contests are essentially the same as Thai with Headbutt allowed

SAVATE

Essentially FC KB format though with the return to the longer distance and stance, with the CHASSE Side kick being the primary kick

Longer swing versions of the hook punch, and the “swing” punch, a haito overhand